dart pub get
- Package resolution
- Getting a new dependency
- Removing a dependency
- The system package cache
- Getting while offline
Get is one of the commands of the pub tool.
$ dart pub get [options]
$ dart pub get Resolving dependencies... Got dependencies!
If the system cache
doesn’t already contain the dependencies,
dart pub get
updates the cache,
downloading dependencies if necessary.
To map packages back to the system cache,
this command creates a
Once the dependencies are acquired, they may be referenced in Dart code.
For example, if a package depends on
dart pub get gets new dependencies, it writes a
lockfile to ensure that future
gets will use the same versions of those dependencies.
Application packages should check in the lockfile to source control;
this ensures the application will use the exact same versions
of all dependencies for all developers and when deployed to production.
Regular packages should not check in the lockfile, though, since they’re
expected to work with a range of dependency versions.
If a lockfile already exists,
dart pub get uses the versions of dependencies
locked in it if possible. If a dependency isn’t locked, pub gets the
latest version of that dependency that satisfies all the version
This is the primary difference between
dart pub get and
dart pub upgrade, which always tries to
get the latest versions of all dependencies.
By default, pub creates a
.dart_tool/ directory that maps from package names to location URIs.
Getting a new dependency
If a dependency is added to the pubspec and then
dart pub get is run,
it gets the new dependency and any of its transitive dependencies.
However, pub won’t change the versions of any already-acquired
dependencies unless that’s necessary to get the new dependency.
Removing a dependency
If a dependency is removed from the pubspec and then
dart pub get is run,
the dependency is no longer available for importing.
Any transitive dependencies of the removed dependency are also removed,
as long as no remaining immediate dependencies also depend on them.
Removing a dependency never changes the versions of any
The system package cache
Dependencies downloaded over the internet, such as those from Git and the pub.dev site, are stored in a system-wide cache. This means that if multiple packages use the same version of the same dependency, it only needs to be downloaded and stored locally once.
By default, the system package cache is located in the
subdirectory of your home directory (on macOS and Linux),
%LOCALAPPDATA%\Pub\Cache (on Windows;
the location might vary depending on the Windows version).
You can configure the location of the cache by setting the
environment variable before running pub.
Getting while offline
If you don’t have network access, you can still run
dart pub get.
Because pub downloads packages to a central cache shared by all packages
on your system, it can often find previously downloaded packages
without needing to use the network.
However, by default,
dart pub get tries to go online if you
have any hosted dependencies,
so that pub can detect newer versions of dependencies.
If you don’t want pub to do that, pass it the
In offline mode, pub looks only in your local package cache,
trying to find a set of versions that work with your package from what’s already
Keep in mind that pub generates a lockfile. If the
only version of some dependency in your cache happens to be old,
dart pub get locks your app to that old version.
The next time you are online, you will likely want to
dart pub upgrade to upgrade to a later version.
For options that apply to all pub commands, see Global options.
By default, pub connects to the network
to retrieve hosted packages (
To use cached packages instead, use
see Getting while offline.
Reports the dependencies that would be changed, but doesn’t make the changes. This is useful if you want to analyze updates before making them.
By default, pub precompiles executables
in immediate dependencies (
To prevent precompilation, use
Refuses to resolve dependencies with an error message
pubspec.lock file deviates or is missing.